The Solovki Encyclopedia (English)
The Solovki Archipelago (Solovki)
The Solovetsky Monastery. The Solovki Camp (GULAG)
The Solovki Site Content• Introduction
• Solovki Chronicle
Part I. General Information.• Encyclopedic Info "Solovki Archipelago"
• Physical-geographical Review
Part II. Solovki History• Solovki Ancient History
• Solovki and People
• Stone Labyrinths and others...
• The times of Northern Labyrinths
• Labyrinths are Labyrinths
• The Solovetsky Monastery Foundation
• Monastery after Founding Fathers
• Saint Phillip (Kolychev)
• From Metropolitan Phillip to Eleazar
• Eleazar to Anzerskiy
• Solovetsky siege - religious and military confrontation
• Tsar Peter I and Solovki
• Solovki in the XVIII-XIX centuries
• Russian-English War and Solovki
• The XX century. Prison
• Solovetsky Camp and GULAG
• The Northern Navy Training Group
Part III. Our days.• Monastery Today
• Solovki Bibliography
The monastery was dying...
The twentieth century finds the monastery in works. At the beginning of the century construction of the system of navigable canals was finished. But the Russian Revolution has happened. It will reflect very destructively on Solovki.
In the times of the Russian-Japanese war, the crew of one of the Russian ships fell into captivity of the Japanese. Seamen swore a common vow: after obtaining freedom, to become monks and live in the monastery. When the prisoners had come back to the motherland, the Holy Synod rapidly (without the passage of obedience) satisfied their request. Thus the crew of new monks arrived to the Solovetsky monastery. In 1917 fellows-monks with the creation of a collective majority, threw deposed Ioannikii. They conducted the first in Russia democratic elections of a father-superior and confirmed Veniamin.* * (see the Chronicle)
In 1920 the commission created for the liquidation of the monastery under the management of bolshevik Kedrov arrived at Solovki. Monastics were driven away, the abbot was exiled. Fellows-monks supported the organization of the state farm on Solovki and of the ?amp of forced work. In 1922 a special commission exported from the monastery 2528 kg of precious stones, gold and silver. The monastery was dying.
It seems that with the arrival of the Bolsheviks a new page of Solovki history had begun. In a very narrow sense, the Bolsheviks may have improved some purely procedural aspects.